A Brief History of Kenpo Karate

By |2017-11-28T12:24:24-07:00November 28th, 2017|Headlines, Real News|0 Comments

Kenpo, meaning “first law,” is a Japanese fighting art brought from Japan by the Yoshida Clan. The weaponless fighting technique was adopted by the Komatsu Clan.

The Japanese adaptation of Kenpo was used as a defense against a variety of Japanese martial arts in the 12th century. Few modifications were needed to defend against Karate, which developed from new unarmed systems over the next seven centuries. Karate means “empty hand.” There are no Chinese martial arts that resembles Kenpo anymore.

However, 90 years ago, Kenpo was such a popular Japanese fighting art that other martial art styles claimed they were derived from it or their masters were trained by Kenpo masters in China. There are Korean schools who claim to teach Kenpo with Tai Kwon Do. There are multiple fighting styles that were created by Kenpo students, who went on to train with Bruce Lee. They created their own system of Chinese Kenpo, a name coined by Ed Parker in 1960.

Parker taught small groups of friends in their homes and at Bert Goodrich’s Gym, in August 1956. He made enough money to open his own studio, on Feb. 18, 1957, called Kenpo Karate Self Defense Studio. The studio was in Pasadena, California.

Parker wrote a letter to Professor William K.S. Chow requesting his permission to open the studio but not until May and Chow responded positively in December. Chow trained Parker in Kenpo Karate in 1949. Chow was trained in Kenpo Jiu-jitsu under Great Grand Master James Mitose, who was taught by his grandfather Sakuhi Yoshida.

The primary difference between Kenpo Karate and Kenpo Jui-jitsu is that there are no Katas in Kenpo Karate. Kenpo Jiu-jitsu has four Katas: Nihanchi 1 and 2, the Old Man, and the Bear.

Kenpo Karate has more than 700 “distinct self-defense techniques, in addition to blocks, and 72 kicks.” However, each technique has multiple variations so students are prepared for anything. Ray Ostrander called Kenpo Karate a practical form of self defense.

Students learn many moves over mastering one move at a time. In a year, a student could have the mastery of 1,000 moves. Each student masters the moves that are the easiest for the mind and body, therefore, individuals master different moves, even though they are all taught the same. As skills are mastered, the harder skills will become easier to attain.

By Jeanette Smith

Sources:

Kenpo Karate: Kenpo Karate
Kenpo Karate: A Brief History

Image Courtesy of PKA Karate’s Flickr Page – Creative Commons License

About the Author:

No Comments

  1. Ernestdox April 9, 2019 at 1:51 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You’ve made your stand extremely effectively!.
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctormsn.com/
    cvs pharmacy viagra cost
    generic viagra 100mg
    will viagra keep an erection
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctormsn.com/]viagra for women[/url]

  2. Ernestdox April 9, 2019 at 3:58 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Perfectly expressed of course. .
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorntx.com/
    buy viagra in hong kong
    cheap viagra
    clitoris viagra
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorbnt.com/]buy viagra online[/url]

  3. Ernestdox April 9, 2019 at 6:05 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You have made your point.
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorntx.com/
    personalized gifts cheap viagra
    generic viagra 100mg
    pc100 viagra
    [url=https://www.genericviagracubarx.com/]viagra generic[/url]

  4. Ernestdox April 9, 2019 at 8:12 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Very good posts. Thanks a lot.
    https://www.genericviagracubarx.com/
    female viagra without a prescription
    buy viagra
    best buy deal online viagra viagra
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctormsn.com/]viagra 100mg[/url]

  5. Ernestdox April 9, 2019 at 10:19 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Useful info. Thanks a lot!
    https://www.viagrawithoutadoctorsmim.com/
    explain viagra
    viagra for sale uk
    soma viagra interaction
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctormsn.com/]generic viagra 100mg[/url]

  6. Ernestdox April 10, 2019 at 12:23 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You suggested it wonderfully.
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctormsn.com/
    u 5672 viagra
    generic viagra
    does viagra help keep it up
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctormsn.com/]viagra pills[/url]

  7. Ernestdox April 10, 2019 at 2:27 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You’ve made your stand quite well!.
    https://www.genericviagracubarx.com/
    blood pressure medications simular to viagra
    viagra without a doctors prescription
    viagra benefits side effects
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorbnt.com/]cheap viagra[/url]

  8. Ernestdox April 10, 2019 at 4:33 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Seriously plenty of fantastic tips.
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctormsn.com/
    viagra low bloood pressure
    viagra pills
    viagra parodies
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctormsn.com/]viagra without a doctor prescription[/url]

  9. Ernestdox April 10, 2019 at 6:41 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You explained this exceptionally well.
    https://www.viagrawithoutadoctorsmim.com/
    how long fo viagra to work
    viagra without a doctors prescription
    viagra coitus photo galleries porn
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorbnt.com/]viagra without a doctor prescription[/url]

  10. Ernestdox April 10, 2019 at 8:52 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Reliable data. Thanks a lot!
    https://www.genericviagracubarx.com/
    viagra replacements
    generic viagra 100mg
    viagra to combat propecia
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorntx.com/]cheap viagra[/url]

  11. Ernestdox April 10, 2019 at 1:11 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You said it superbly.
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctormsn.com/
    inr and viagra
    buy generic viagra
    cialis and levitra viagra
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorntx.com/]viagra pills[/url]

  12. Ernestdox April 10, 2019 at 3:18 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Nicely put, Appreciate it.
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorbnt.com/
    ordering viagra without prescription
    buy viagra
    find viagra free sites computer search
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutadoctorsmim.com/]generic viagra 100mg[/url]

  13. Ernestdox April 10, 2019 at 7:38 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Information certainly taken.!
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorntx.com/
    what happens after you take viagra
    viagra for sale uk
    cheap viagra discount
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorntx.com/]viagra for women[/url]

  14. Ernestdox April 10, 2019 at 9:49 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Nicely put, With thanks!
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctormsn.com/
    nascar viagra car
    generic viagra
    viagra online pharmacies
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutadoctorsmim.com/]buy generic viagra[/url]

  15. Ernestdox April 11, 2019 at 2:11 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Thanks! Good stuff!
    https://www.genericviagracubarx.com/
    ultralow price viagra
    viagra 100mg
    results of using viagra
    [url=https://www.genericviagracubarx.com/]viagra generic[/url]

  16. Ernestdox April 11, 2019 at 4:22 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Thanks. Valuable information!
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctormsn.com/
    viagra hard-on
    generic viagra 100mg
    how to buy viagra in philippines
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctormsn.com/]generic viagra 100mg[/url]

  17. Ernestdox April 11, 2019 at 6:36 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Wow plenty of amazing facts!
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorntx.com/
    viagra otc usa
    cheap viagra
    viagra without a perscripton legal
    [url=https://www.genericviagracubarx.com/]viagra without a doctors prescription[/url]

  18. Ernestdox April 11, 2019 at 8:53 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You revealed that superbly!
    https://www.genericviagracubarx.com/
    young adults viagra
    buy viagra
    veterinary viagra
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorbnt.com/]viagra without a doctor prescription[/url]

  19. Ernestdox April 11, 2019 at 11:06 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Incredible a lot of very good info!
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctormsn.com/
    buy online order viagra
    buy generic viagra
    viagra water
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctormsn.com/]cheap viagra[/url]

  20. Ernestdox April 11, 2019 at 1:18 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Nicely put. Thank you!
    https://www.genericviagracubarx.com/
    viagra demo video
    buy viagra online
    side effects of taking canadian viagra
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutadoctorsmim.com/]viagra generic[/url]

  21. Ernestdox April 11, 2019 at 3:30 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You suggested this exceptionally well.
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorbnt.com/
    viagra to buy cheap
    viagra without a doctors prescription
    south beach diet buy viagra
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorbnt.com/]viagra 100mg[/url]

  22. Ernestdox April 11, 2019 at 5:50 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Wow all kinds of useful info!
    https://www.genericviagracubarx.com/
    online meds viagra
    viagra online
    there’s viagra in the waters
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorntx.com/]viagra 100mg[/url]

  23. Ernestdox April 11, 2019 at 8:06 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Thanks a lot! A good amount of tips!

    https://www.viagrawithoutadoctorsmim.com/
    merck viagra approval 2009
    buy viagra
    a href viagra a
    [url=https://www.genericviagracubarx.com/]buy generic viagra[/url]

  24. Ernestdox April 11, 2019 at 10:19 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    This is nicely expressed. !
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorbnt.com/
    is viagra harmful to women
    viagra generic
    comparison of levitra viagra cialis
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorntx.com/]viagra pills[/url]

  25. Ernestdox April 12, 2019 at 2:44 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Very good forum posts, With thanks.
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorntx.com/
    online apotheke viagra
    buy generic viagra
    can viagra go off
    [url=https://www.genericviagracubarx.com/]generic viagra 100mg[/url]

  26. Ernestdox April 12, 2019 at 4:54 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Many thanks! Ample material.

    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorbnt.com/
    buy cialis online viagra
    viagra pills
    viagra healthy improve prolong
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorntx.com/]generic viagra 100mg[/url]

  27. Ernestdox April 12, 2019 at 7:09 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Great posts. Many thanks!
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctormsn.com/
    red bull and viagra
    generic viagra
    generic viagra release date
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutadoctorsmim.com/]viagra online[/url]

  28. Ernestdox April 12, 2019 at 9:24 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Thanks a lot! Quite a lot of data!

    https://www.genericviagracubarx.com/
    lowest price viagra america
    viagra online
    freeverse viagra
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutadoctorsmim.com/]viagra for women[/url]

  29. Ernestdox April 12, 2019 at 11:36 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You definitely made your point.
    https://www.viagrawithoutadoctorsmim.com/
    generic sildenafil viagra
    buy generic viagra
    overseas buy viagra
    [url=https://www.genericviagracubarx.com/]viagra for women[/url]

  30. Ernestdox April 12, 2019 at 8:09 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You stated this terrifically.
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctormsn.com/
    viagra vs cilias
    viagra generic
    viagra in car and driver
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorntx.com/]viagra without a doctors prescription[/url]

  31. Ernestdox April 12, 2019 at 10:22 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Incredible loads of helpful advice!
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorntx.com/
    online us pharmacies generic viagra softtabs
    buy viagra
    indian generic viagra
    [url=https://www.genericviagracubarx.com/]viagra without a doctors prescription[/url]

  32. Ernestdox April 13, 2019 at 12:34 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Good material, Cheers!
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorntx.com/
    does viagra effect a womans libido
    viagra without a doctors prescription
    viagra taken with cialis
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutadoctorsmim.com/]viagra without a doctor prescription[/url]

  33. Ernestdox April 13, 2019 at 2:46 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Appreciate it, Numerous information.

    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorntx.com/
    xray viagra
    viagra without a doctors prescription
    viagra online without prescription
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutadoctorsmim.com/]viagra pills[/url]

  34. Ernestdox April 13, 2019 at 4:57 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Whoa lots of superb advice!
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctormsn.com/
    order zenegra viagra
    buy viagra
    viagra hardon
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorbnt.com/]generic viagra 100mg[/url]

  35. Ernestdox April 13, 2019 at 7:11 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Good info. Cheers.
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorntx.com/
    does cvs minute clinic offer viagra
    generic viagra 100mg
    drug to reverse viagra overdose
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorntx.com/]viagra without a doctor prescription[/url]

  36. Ernestdox April 13, 2019 at 9:25 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You suggested this perfectly!
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctormsn.com/
    viagra online generic
    generic viagra 100mg
    viagra free sites charles linskaill
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutadoctorsmim.com/]buy viagra[/url]

  37. Ernestdox April 13, 2019 at 11:37 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Thanks, Loads of knowledge!

    https://www.viagrawithoutadoctorsmim.com/
    canadian viagra trial pack
    viagra 100mg
    viagra tupperware
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorbnt.com/]generic viagra 100mg[/url]

  38. Ernestdox April 13, 2019 at 1:47 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Cheers! An abundance of material.

    https://www.genericviagracubarx.com/
    real viagra cialis levitra
    generic viagra 100mg
    viagra falls doctor band
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctormsn.com/]buy viagra online[/url]

  39. Ernestdox April 13, 2019 at 3:57 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Amazing forum posts. With thanks!
    https://www.viagrawithoutadoctorsmim.com/
    viagra military negotiation tool
    generic viagra 100mg
    viagra and retinal detachment
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctormsn.com/]viagra without a doctor prescription[/url]

  40. Ernestdox April 13, 2019 at 6:07 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Regards! Terrific stuff!
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorntx.com/
    generic viagra in usa
    viagra without a doctors prescription
    viagra prescription onlin
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutadoctorsmim.com/]viagra online[/url]

  41. Ernestdox April 13, 2019 at 8:17 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Cheers! An abundance of knowledge.

    https://www.genericviagracubarx.com/
    hours ago edinburgh viagra articleid good
    viagra pills
    death by viagra
    [url=https://www.genericviagracubarx.com/]viagra without a doctor prescription[/url]

  42. Ernestdox April 13, 2019 at 10:29 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You actually said this exceptionally well!
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorntx.com/
    acheter vrai viagra
    buy viagra online
    who markets viagra
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorbnt.com/]buy viagra[/url]

  43. Ernestdox April 14, 2019 at 12:41 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Terrific posts. Thanks.
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorbnt.com/
    viagra joke advertising meeting
    viagra generic
    buy sildenafil viagra
    [url=https://www.genericviagracubarx.com/]viagra pills[/url]

  44. Ernestdox April 14, 2019 at 2:53 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Fine posts. Regards.
    https://www.genericviagracubarx.com/
    opposite reaction to viagra
    generic viagra 100mg
    viagra chrismas
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutadoctorsmim.com/]cheap viagra[/url]

  45. Ernestdox April 14, 2019 at 5:07 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You reported it superbly.
    https://www.genericviagracubarx.com/
    a q name buy viagra
    generic viagra 100mg
    acumar and viagra
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctormsn.com/]generic viagra 100mg[/url]

  46. Ernestdox April 14, 2019 at 7:19 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You actually mentioned it adequately!
    https://www.genericviagracubarx.com/
    ok viagra hill climb
    generic viagra
    trusted websites for buying viagra online
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctormsn.com/]viagra 100mg[/url]

  47. Ernestdox April 14, 2019 at 9:35 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Good info, Thank you!
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorntx.com/
    does viagra lower blood pressure
    generic viagra 100mg
    viagra sales hong kong
    [url=https://www.genericviagracubarx.com/]viagra pills[/url]

  48. Ernestdox April 14, 2019 at 11:47 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You actually stated it terrifically.
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorntx.com/
    cardiazem with viagra
    generic viagra online
    user reports on super viagra
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutadoctorsmim.com/]generic viagra 100mg[/url]

  49. Ernestdox April 14, 2019 at 1:59 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Regards, I value this.
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorbnt.com/
    viagra wiki
    viagra online
    facts on viagra
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorbnt.com/]buy viagra online[/url]

  50. Ernestdox April 14, 2019 at 6:23 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You mentioned it exceptionally well.
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctormsn.com/
    generic viagra indian
    viagra generic
    funny viagra jokes
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctormsn.com/]viagra without a doctor prescription[/url]

  51. Ernestdox April 14, 2019 at 8:36 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You made the point.
    https://www.genericviagracubarx.com/
    recreational uses of viagra
    viagra without a doctors prescription
    find viagra free sites pages search
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorntx.com/]generic viagra[/url]

  52. Ernestdox April 14, 2019 at 10:50 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Thank you, Lots of info!

    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorbnt.com/
    generic viagra reviews
    viagra pills
    viagra theme
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctormsn.com/]viagra generic[/url]

  53. Ernestdox April 15, 2019 at 1:03 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Fine advice. Many thanks.
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorntx.com/
    viagra pill shape color
    viagra online
    indigestion with viagra
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctormsn.com/]viagra online[/url]

  54. Ernestdox April 15, 2019 at 3:16 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Very good stuff, Thank you.
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorntx.com/
    viagra pre and post
    cheap viagra
    viagra alternative african black ant capsule
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutdoctormsn.com/]buy viagra online[/url]

  55. Ernestdox April 15, 2019 at 5:30 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Truly all kinds of great material!
    https://www.viagrawithoutdoctorbnt.com/
    viagra without prescription availability in europe
    generic viagra 100mg
    ribavirin and viagra in combination
    [url=https://www.viagrawithoutadoctorsmim.com/]viagra pills[/url]

  56. Ernestdox April 15, 2019 at 12:21 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Amazing many of superb information!
    http://viagrawithoutadoctormsn.com/
    viagra fir women
    viagra online
    utube music viagra
    [url=http://viagrawithoutadoctormsn.com/]viagra 100mg[/url]

  57. Ernestdox April 15, 2019 at 2:29 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Whoa many of terrific facts!
    http://viagrawithoutadoctormsn.com/
    viagra and hard erection
    viagra for sale uk
    online viagra no longer works
    [url=http://viagrawithoutadoctorsntx.com/]viagra for women[/url]

  58. Ernestdox April 15, 2019 at 4:36 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You actually mentioned that wonderfully!
    http://viagrapego.com/
    compatability viagra
    generic viagra 100mg
    before viagra
    [url=http://viagrawithoutadoctorsntx.com/]viagra 100mg[/url]

  59. Ernestdox April 15, 2019 at 6:43 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Terrific posts. Thanks a lot.
    http://viagrawithoutadoctormsn.com/
    natural viagra
    generic viagra
    daili viagra free enewsletter
    [url=http://viagrapego.com/]viagra online[/url]

  60. Ernestdox April 15, 2019 at 8:51 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Incredible many of good facts!
    http://viagrawithoutadoctormsn.com/
    walgreens viagra rat
    viagra without a doctors prescription
    viagra boost dopamine
    [url=http://viagrawithoutadoctorsntx.com/]generic viagra[/url]

  61. Ernestdox April 15, 2019 at 11:00 pm - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Thanks, Loads of tips.

    http://viagrawithoutadoctormsn.com/
    not working viagra
    viagra without a doctor prescription
    online pharmacy pharmacy viagra
    [url=http://viagrawithoutadoctorsntx.com/]generic viagra[/url]

  62. Ernestdox April 16, 2019 at 3:19 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Kudos! A good amount of material.

    http://viagrapego.com/
    viagra brasil
    viagra without a doctors prescription
    how does viagra works
    [url=http://viagrapego.com/]buy generic viagra[/url]

  63. Ernestdox April 16, 2019 at 7:31 am - Reply
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Nicely expressed truly! .
    http://viagrawithoutadoctorsntx.com/
    what foods stimulate viagra
    viagra 100mg
    girl manson pages edinburgh news viagra
    [url=http://viagrawithoutadoctormsn.com/]viagra for sale uk[/url]

Leave A Comment


By submitting this form, you are consenting to receive marketing emails from: Real Water Marketing Department, 3208 W Desert Inn Rd, Las Vegas, NV, 89102, http://www.drinkrealwater.com. You can revoke your consent to receive emails at any time by using the SafeUnsubscribe® link, found at the bottom of every email. Emails are serviced by Constant Contact